Arthritis refers to inflammatory diseases that occur in the joints of the human body and surrounding tissues caused by inflammation, infection, degeneration, injury or other factors. It can be divided into several types: common osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, gouty arthritis, etc. Clinical manifestations are redness, swelling, fever, pain, dysfunction and deformity of the joints, in severe cases, violation of the joints and the deterioration of the quality of life of patients.
Causes of arthritis
Primary arthritis is a slowly progressive disease that usually develops after 45 years. It affects mainly the joints experiencing significant stress, such as the knee and hip, as well as the joints of the neck, fingers, lumbosacral spine.
Secondary osteoarthritis is significantly different from the primary. Often it occurs before the age of 40 years and has certain causes: injury or damage, looseness of the joint (for example, a weak or “dangling” knee joint), infection of the joint, metabolic disorders, joint surgery.
Traditional treatment of arthritis
Currently, traditional methods cannot completely cure arthritis, and prevention and delay of exacerbation are the most important methods of disease resistance. Since arthritis is an irreversible pathologically altered disease, patients can only relieve clinical symptoms through appropriate treatment under the guidance of a physician, minimize joint stress and reduce inflammation.
A suitable treatment based on the type of arthritis, symptoms and concomitant disease is selected. There are two types of commonly used drugs, namely: remission drugs and anti-inflammatory painkillers. In addition, hyaluronic acid can be injected into the joints to act as a “lubricant” for bone joints, which can reduce friction and vibration of the joints and reduce pain caused by bone collision.
Surgical treatment mainly involves joint cavity puncture, synovectomy, joint replacement, joint orthopedics, joint fusion and so on.
Bone marrow transplantation
The autologous bone marrow transplant method, which restores the immune system function to promote patient recovery, has a significant positive effect on rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment of arthritis with stem cells
Arthritis treatment not only relieves the patient’s pain but, more importantly, regulates the autoimmune system to prevent joint damage and deformation. Stem cell therapy can fundamentally improve cartilage defects in patients with arthritis and repair damaged synovial cell tissue. Help the damaged joints move easily.
Use of stem cells for self-reproduction and differentiation, direct restoration and regeneration of damaged cartilage and joint tissues
Stem cells can be used to regulate immune and anti-inflammatory effects, eliminate clinical symptoms and pain in osteoarthritis, mainly improve cartilage defects, reduce side effects during treatment and improve cartilage defects.
Stem cells can find, strengthen, self-replicate and survive in joints, thereby improving joint microenvironment and restoring joint function