Term Description
Allogeneic stem cells
stem cells derived from an organism of the same species, different from the patient's body.
Anticoagulant
substance that prevents blood clotting.
Autologous Stem Cells
the patient’s own stem cells, the source of which was the patient’s own body.
Bipotentiality
the ability of immature cells of the hematopoietic system to differentiate into two different types of hematopoietic cell lines.
Blastocyst
the stage of development of the embryo following the morula and preceding the embryonic disk.
Hematopoietic (hematopoietic) stem cells
stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into all blood cells.
Histocompatibility
full or partial similarity of the genes of the major histocompatibility complex, which determines the compatibility of the donor and recipient tissues.
Differentiation
the formation of cells with a higher degree of specialization from progenitor cells.
Donor
a person who donates a tissue or organ to another person - the recipient.
Zygote
diploid cell formed after the penetration of sperm into the oocyte at the time of the merger of the nuclei of the female and male gametes.
Immortalization
gaining the ability of cells to an unlimited number of divisions.
Cloning
the process of creating an organism that is genetically identical to the original organism without the help of sexual reproduction.
Bone marrow
the tissue that fills the hollow cavities of the bone and participates in the blood formation processes.
Cryopreservation
technological process of low-temperature freezing of a biomaterial for the purpose of long-term storage without losing its biological functions.
Cryoprotector
a substance that prevents the negative effects of low temperatures on the object in the process of freezing.
Mesenchyme
Cryoprotector embryonic bud, which is formed from germ layers (mainly mesoderm) and gives rise to connective tissues of the body.
Mesenchymal (stromal) stem cells (MSC)
multipotent stem cells of adult tissues that can differentiate into different types of somatic cells.
Mesoderm
the germinal layer, which forms 10-11 days after fertilization and gives, together with the ectoderm and endoderm, all the tissues of the fetus.
Multipotent stem cells
stem cells that have the potential to transform not only into cells of their own kind, but also into other types of cells, but not more than 8-10 types.
Parthenogenesis
a form of sexual reproduction in which the organism develops from the female germ cell without its fertilization by male gametes.
Reprogramming of the nucleus of the somatic cell
change in the genetic program of the nucleus during its transfer into the oocyte cytoplasm.
Somatic cell nucleus transfer
the process of transferring the nucleus of an adult cell into an egg cell that was previously deprived of its own nucleus.
Plasma
the liquid component of blood without blood cells.
Placenta
organ consisting of mother cells (maternal part) and fetal cells (fetal part), which serves as the main place of exchange of substances between mother and child.
Pluripotency
The ability of stem cells to develop into most types of adult cells.
Flow cytofluorimetry
method for determining the morphological and phenotypic characteristics of the cell population, based on the registration of fluorescence and light scattering during the passage of each individual cell through the laser beam.
Regional (Mature) Stem Cells
multipotent stem cells of adult tissues that can give rise to cell lines of these tissues.
Reproductive cloning
creation of genetically identical individuals, by transferring the nucleus of the somatic cell.
Recipient
An organism that receives an organ or tissue from another organism - a donor.
Stem cell
undifferentiated cell, which has the ability to self-renew and the formation of various specialized cells of the body.
Transplantation
transplant of an organ or tissue from a donor to a recipient.
Fetal stem cells
a population of immature cells, obtained from the fetus at 9-12 weeks of development, with the ability to differentiate into different cell types.
Term Description
Allogeneic stem cells
stem cells derived from an organism of the same species, different from the patient's body.
Anticoagulant
substance that prevents blood clotting.
Autologous Stem Cells
the patient’s own stem cells, the source of which was the patient’s own body.
Bipotentiality
the ability of immature cells of the hematopoietic system to differentiate into two different types of hematopoietic cell lines.
Blastocyst
the stage of development of the embryo following the morula and preceding the embryonic disk.
Hematopoietic (hematopoietic) stem cells
stem cells that have the potential to differentiate into all blood cells.
Histocompatibility
full or partial similarity of the genes of the major histocompatibility complex, which determines the compatibility of the donor and recipient tissues.
Differentiation
the formation of cells with a higher degree of specialization from progenitor cells.
Donor
a person who donates a tissue or organ to another person - the recipient.
Zygote
diploid cell formed after the penetration of sperm into the oocyte at the time of the merger of the nuclei of the female and male gametes.
Immortalization
gaining the ability of cells to an unlimited number of divisions.
Cloning
the process of creating an organism that is genetically identical to the original organism without the help of sexual reproduction.
Bone marrow
the tissue that fills the hollow cavities of the bone and participates in the blood formation processes.
Cryopreservation
technological process of low-temperature freezing of a biomaterial for the purpose of long-term storage without losing its biological functions.
Cryoprotector
a substance that prevents the negative effects of low temperatures on the object in the process of freezing.
Mesenchyme
Cryoprotector embryonic bud, which is formed from germ layers (mainly mesoderm) and gives rise to connective tissues of the body.
Mesenchymal (stromal) stem cells (MSC)
multipotent stem cells of adult tissues that can differentiate into different types of somatic cells.
Mesoderm
the germinal layer, which forms 10-11 days after fertilization and gives, together with the ectoderm and endoderm, all the tissues of the fetus.
Multipotent stem cells
stem cells that have the potential to transform not only into cells of their own kind, but also into other types of cells, but not more than 8-10 types.
Parthenogenesis
a form of sexual reproduction in which the organism develops from the female germ cell without its fertilization by male gametes.
Reprogramming of the nucleus of the somatic cell
change in the genetic program of the nucleus during its transfer into the oocyte cytoplasm.
Somatic cell nucleus transfer
the process of transferring the nucleus of an adult cell into an egg cell that was previously deprived of its own nucleus.
Plasma
the liquid component of blood without blood cells.
Placenta
organ consisting of mother cells (maternal part) and fetal cells (fetal part), which serves as the main place of exchange of substances between mother and child.
Pluripotency
The ability of stem cells to develop into most types of adult cells.
Flow cytofluorimetry
method for determining the morphological and phenotypic characteristics of the cell population, based on the registration of fluorescence and light scattering during the passage of each individual cell through the laser beam.
Regional (Mature) Stem Cells
multipotent stem cells of adult tissues that can give rise to cell lines of these tissues.
Reproductive cloning
creation of genetically identical individuals, by transferring the nucleus of the somatic cell.
Recipient
An organism that receives an organ or tissue from another organism - a donor.
Stem cell
undifferentiated cell, which has the ability to self-renew and the formation of various specialized cells of the body.
Transplantation
transplant of an organ or tissue from a donor to a recipient.
Fetal stem cells
a population of immature cells, obtained from the fetus at 9-12 weeks of development, with the ability to differentiate into different cell types.